They say that even the sun has the spots on its surface, but this does not make it easier if our skin acquires a tainted reputation. The appearance of chloasma on the hands, face, body does not cause such a surge of delight as tanning. Although the mechanism that runs both of these processes is the same. Trying to protect the skin, the body activates the production of melanin in the cells, which protects the dermis from damage. Opting for a hyperpigmentation cream to treat skin discoloration is an ideal choice. Choosing the best hyperpigmentation cream is the real task.
For many centuries, in various cultures, light skin was considered the pearl of beauty. So that the skin is not exposed to solar radiation, Asian women (and men too!) Have long used special sun umbrellas. The tradition to protect the skin from the sun, thereby maintaining its level shade, was common in India and Turkey. In Western Europe, the umbrella appeared in France in the 17th century and was called “parasol,” that is, literally, “against the sun.”
Over time, the canons of beauty changed, tan began to come into fashion, but the fundamental factor of beauty remained unchanged – the skin should have a healthy, even tone regardless of its shade.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is an excess of pigment, due to which local areas of darker color form on the skin. The pigment can take on various forms, be of a different color, and also affect various areas of the skin.
The reasons for the appearance of excessive pigment can be very different from a long stay in the sun to a violation of the internal metabolic processes in the body and various diseases.
Types and kinds of hyperpigmentation?
There are two types of hyperpigmentation: congenital and acquired.
- Mulberry marks
Diffuse melanoderma, which occurs when the adrenal glands are not working and appear as bronze or brown spots on open skin areas.
- Focal appears on the mucous surfaces of the oral cavity.
- Generalized in case of pituitary tumors.
- Chloasma is an irregular-shaped spot that often appears on the face during pregnancy, puberty and in inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive system.
- Melasma occurs after intense tanning, prolonged exposure to the sun, as well as after consuming citrus and other oils that increase sensitivity to sunlight.
- Lentigo pigment spots that are found on age skin, usually after 40 years.
- Pigment toxicoderma, caused by drug treatment (quinine, amidopyrine, sulfanilamides) or exposure to the skin with hydrocarbons (resins, oil, lubricants)
- Other types of hyperpigmentation.
What are its causes?
The causes of hyperpigmentation vary. The production of melanin pigment, which protects us from the sun rays, is a very complex process involving many enzymes. Violation of even one of the links in this chain leads to its appearance. Anything can provoke the appearance of pigment spots. Skin injury, in this case, the so-called post-traumatic pigmentation develops, which sometimes lasts up to a year. Various hormonal disorders. Liver disorders, for example, chloasma of pregnant women. During pregnancy, a woman in the area of the cheekbones, forehead, chin appears fairly large pigment spots. Unfortunately, they do not always pass after childbirth and the end of a feeding. Age-related changes are the so-called photo and chrono-aging. There are age or blue spots on open areas of the body, the back of the hands, face, neck of many women. However, the most common cause and catalyst of the problem is direct sunlight, the habit of sun bathing under the open sun.
Thus, the causes of skin pigmentation are associated with the action of hormones, and it can also be amplified under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Most often, pigment spots appear on the face, as it is most open to the suns rays.
How does a hyperpigmentation cream work?
Types of a hyperpigmentation cream:
All modern facial pigmentation creams are divided into three types:
- Blocking the production of melanin, such agents act directly on the melanocytes, so after prolonged use they inhibit their function and prevent the recurrence of unwanted pigmentation;
- Lightening ones have a lightening effect;
- With a double effect, they simultaneously remove melanin from the skin, lightening it, and inhibit the function of its production.
Assessing advantages, you need to understand the possible allergic reactions following with the wrong choice of the product. The best way to remove pigmentation on the face is to use tested methods. Knowledge of the main components and characteristics of your body will help to avoid side effects.
Pay special attention to the fact that the appearance of pigment spots can be evidence of the presence of many dangerous diseases, such as tuberous sclerosis, albinism, neurofibromatosis, Allison’s disease, etc. Therefore, at the first changes in pigmentation, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
About the author
Melisa Marzett is a freelance writer who is currently working for http://www.essay-editor.net. She enjoys freelancing and writing very much as long as she has a passion for writing and freelancing makes it possible to travel, which is her hobby so she does not belong anywhere and if to take into consideration the fact that she is a citizen of the world, being of American origin, it is what makes her happy and full of energy.